Anteiquae Urbis Imago Accuratissime ex Vetusteis Monumenteis Formata

Reference: S39819
Author Francesco & Michele TRAMEZINO o TRAMEZINI
Year: 1561 ca.
Zone: Rome
Printed: Rome
Measures: 1510 x 1300 mm
€3,800.00

Description

Archaeological map with vertical projection, with representation in elevation of ancient buildings. Designed and conceived by Pirro Ligorio, it is engraved by Jacob Bos for the publisher Tramezzino.

It is the great archaeological plant of Ligorio, the result of his valuable experience as an archaeologist, which had a great influence on the topographic production of the city for over two centuries. In order to elaborate this plan, he used his deep archaeological knowledge of the ruins of Rome, classical sources and a vast documentation consisting of inscriptions, bas-reliefs and ancient coins. For the topographic part Ligorio is based on the map by Bufalini of 1551.

Rome within the walls appears as a fanciful set of buildings, some of them known and still present and others that, although located with a certain accuracy, are undoubtedly the result of quite fanciful reconstructions. There is no lack of localization errors, such as the Roman Forum, erroneously located between the Capitol and the Palatine Hill.

The first state of the map is known only through the examples preserved at the British Museum and the Philadelphia Library Company. The ma was reprinted unchanged, about a century later by Gian Battista de Rossi. After another century or so (1773) Carlo Losi also made a reprint from the original plates, which were then acquired by Giovanni Scudellari and reprinted around 1820/30.

At the top, along the upper edge, is engraved the title: ANTEIQUAE URBIS IMAGO ACCURATISSIME EX VETUSTEIS MONUMENTEIS FORMATA. In the cartouche in the upper left: EFFIGIES ANTIQUAE ROMAE EXVESTIGIIS AEDIFICIORUM RUINIS TESTIMONIO VETERUM AUCTORUM FIDE NUMISMATUM MONUMENTS AENEIS PLUMBAEIS SAXEIS TIGLINISQUE COLLECTA ATQUE IN HANC TABELLAM REDACTA ATQUE DESCRIPTA A PYRRHO LIGORIO ROMANO PER XIIII REGIONES IN QUAS URBEM DIVISIT IMP CAESAR. AUG. PIOQUE IIII PONT MAX DICATA EXCUDERUNT ROMAE MICHAEL ET FRANCISCUS TRAMEZZINI M.D.LXI.

Follow the indication of the privilege and the signature of the engraver: Cum privilegio Sum[m]i Pont[ificis] et Senat[us] Venet[iani]. Iacobus Bossius Belgian incidebat.

Orientation provided by the cardinal point SEPTENTRION, indication located in the upper left corner; the northeast is at the top.

Engraving, printed on twelve sheets, applied on canvas and folded several times. Exemple in the fourth final state, of the edition by Scudellari.

Literature:
Bifolco - Ronca, Cartografia e Topografia italiana del XVI secolo (2018), pp. 2341-2342, tav. 1207, IV/IV; Destombes (1970): n. 94; Bevilacqua-Fagiolo (2012): p. 25; Caldana (2013): p. 22 e n. I.7; Frutaz (1962): n. XVIIa-b e tavv. 671-684; Hülsen (1915): VIII, pp. 52-53, nn. 31-35; Hülsen (1933): pp. 105-106, VIII; Karrow (1993): n. 51/11 e 51/11.4-51/11.7; Mandowsky-Mitchell (1963): tavv. 75-76; Scaccia Scarafoni (1939: nn. 11-13.

Literature

Bifolco - Ronca, Cartografia e Topografia italiana del XVI secolo (2018), pp. 2341-2342, tav. 1207, IV/IV.

Francesco & Michele TRAMEZINO o TRAMEZINI

Book and print dealers and publishers,from Venice.Active in Venice and Rome.Both recorded in Rome in the 1526.Both fled to Venice in 1527 at the time of the sack.Michele remained in Venice ,Francesco returned to Rome in 1528.His shop was in the via del Pellegrino.Francesco died in 1576.The single sheet prints were issued in Rome ,but sold in Venice as well.Francesco had reputation of being a man of learning and a friend of humanists.Tramezzino applied for privileges to cover his maps and figurative prints in Venice:2 June 155,to cover ‘il disegno,titolata via,verita et vita,et per il disegno di Christo resuscitante’ and 3 February 1561 to cover maps and a figural print of the Visitation. The printed maps known to Almagià were dated 1551-63.They published maps and Roman antiquities designed by Pirro Ligorio.

Literature

Bifolco - Ronca, Cartografia e Topografia italiana del XVI secolo (2018), pp. 2341-2342, tav. 1207, IV/IV.

Francesco & Michele TRAMEZINO o TRAMEZINI

Book and print dealers and publishers,from Venice.Active in Venice and Rome.Both recorded in Rome in the 1526.Both fled to Venice in 1527 at the time of the sack.Michele remained in Venice ,Francesco returned to Rome in 1528.His shop was in the via del Pellegrino.Francesco died in 1576.The single sheet prints were issued in Rome ,but sold in Venice as well.Francesco had reputation of being a man of learning and a friend of humanists.Tramezzino applied for privileges to cover his maps and figurative prints in Venice:2 June 155,to cover ‘il disegno,titolata via,verita et vita,et per il disegno di Christo resuscitante’ and 3 February 1561 to cover maps and a figural print of the Visitation. The printed maps known to Almagià were dated 1551-63.They published maps and Roman antiquities designed by Pirro Ligorio.